Confederate States Navy Regulations Involving Flags


Regulations for the Navy of the Confederate States

Chapter III – General Regulations

Article 17. – Tattoos to be beaten and colors to be hoisted, when.

When the sun sets at or after six o’clock, tattoo shall be beat at nine o’clock in the evening, and the colors be hoisted at eight o’clock in the morning; and when it sets before six o’clock, tattoo shall be beat at eight o’clock in the evening, and the colors be hoisted at nine o’clock in the morning.


Article 33. – Boats to carry national flags.

In foreign ports, and in communicating with foreign vessels, every boat will carry the national ensign, unless otherwise ordered by the commanding officer.


Chapter V – Military Honors and Ceremonies

Article 2. – National ensign to be hoisted at the main during the presence of the President on board.

The presence of the President of the Confederate States on board of any vessel of the navy will be indicated by the display of the Confederate ensign at the main; and during the time os such display, the flag of pendant indicating the command of any other officer sill be struck. When the President is known to be on board of any vessel or boat which passes by or near any vessel of the navy authorized to fire salutes, he shall be saluted with twenty-one guns, and the yards shall be manned.


Article 6. – Same to a foreign sovereign.

A foreign sovereign, or the chief magistrate of any foreign State, on visiting a vessel of the Confederate States, shall be received with the honors and ceremonies prescribed for the President of the Confederate States, the band playing the national march of the person saluted, and the flag of the nation being displayed at the main.


Article 23. – When colors are to be hoisted.

On the anniversary of the declaration of independence of the Confederate States the colors shall be hoisted at sunrise; at the same time all vessels in commission shall, when in port, be dressed with flags, and so continue until the colors are hauled down at sunset, if the state of the weather and other circumstances will permit.


Article 24. – No national flag except the Confederate, to be used in dressing ship.

No national flag except that of the Confederate States shall be used in dressing ship.


Article 27. – Salutes to diplomatic corps.

The salutes for persons of diplomatic rank shall be as follows:
Ambassadors, Papal nuncios, or legates … 17 guns,
Envoys extraordinary and ministers plenipotentiary … 15 guns,
Ministers resident … 13 guns,
Charge’ d’affaires and commissioners … 11 guns,
Consuls general and vice-consuls general … 9 guns,
Consuls … 7 guns,
Vice-consuls and other commercial agents holding regular appointments … 5 guns.
When foreign diplomatic persons visit vessels of the Confederate States, the ensign of the natio to which the belong shall be hoisted at the fore during the firing of the salute, but this must not be done in the case of visits of diplomatic persons of the Confederate States; and the salutes prescribed in this article shall not be given more than once to the same official by the same vessel at the same time at shorter intervals than twelve months, except in case of foreign officials, and then only on occasions of particular ceremony.


Articles 41 – 46

all deal with funeral honors for officers and seamen, with different honors for different ranks, but all involving the ensign being “worn at half-mast.”


Article 59 – No officer under rank of captain to hoist a broad pendant.

No officer under the rank of captain shall be entitled to wear a broad pendant; nor shall any captain hoist one without the direction of the Secretary of the Navy.


Article 60 – Captains entitled to broad pendants.

When a captain shall be authorized to hoist a broad pendant he shall be entitled to wear it until ordered to strike it by the Secretary of the Navy, except when he shall be in the presence of a senior captain wearing a narrow pendant.


Article 61 – When two or more captains meet.

When two or more captains entitled to wear broad pendants shall meet; the senior in rank shall wear a blue pendant; the second in rank shall wear a red pendant, and those junior shall wear white pendants.


Article 62 – A captain may shift his broad pendant from one vessel to another of his fleet, &c.

A captain entitled to wear a broad pendant may, if circumstances require it, shift his pendant to any of the vessels of his fleet, squadron, or division, assigning, by the first opportunity, to the Secretary of the Navy, or the commander-in-chief, his reasons for doing so.


Article 63 – Pendant of the commander of a squadron not to be worn by any vessel, unless.

The pendant of the commander of a squadron shall not be worn by any vessel at sea, unless the officer entitled to wear it shall be embarked in her, nor upon any vessel in a port in the Confederate States when the officer entitled to it is absent from the port; and such officer is to direct it to be struck when he leaves such port with an intention to remain more than twenty-four hours; and during such absence the senior officer present shall issue necessary orders according to such direction as may have been given to him by the commander of the squadron.


Article 64 – During the absence of commander-in-chief in a foreign port, his pendant to be worn by vessel commanded by officer next in command, except.

When the commander of a squadron shall, in a foreign port, leave his command with intention to be absent as aforesaid, his pendant shall not be struck, but shall be worn by the ship commanded by the officer next in rank to him, if such officer is senior to the captain of the fleet or to his principal aid; but if either of those officer should be the senior present, the pendant will not be shifted, and such officer will command in the absence of the commander of the sqaudron, according to such directions as he may have received from him.


Chapter VI – The Commander-in-Chief of a Fleet or Squadron

Article 26. – Should he be killed in battle, his pendant to be kept flying.

Should he be killed in battle, his flag or pendant shall be kept flying while the enemy remains in sight, and the officer next in rank shall be immediately informed thereof, and will take command of the fleet or squadron.


Chapter VIII
Section 3 – Preservation of the Men

Article 25. – Yellow flag to be hoisted when vessel is subject to quarantine.

Should any vessel of the navy have had any communication, or visited any port, or have disease on board which would subject her to quarantine, it shall be the duty of the commander to have a yellow flag hoisted to warn others against any improper communication with her.


Chapter XII – Master

Article 17. – He will have charge of all nautical books, charts, flags, &c.

He is to have charge of, and must account for, all nautical books, instruments, charts, national flags and signals.